九州棋牌

  • 堅持推進綠色發展 加強生態文明建設
    來源:發布日期:2019-02-25瀏覽()人次 投稿收藏
    閆若之 整理

      黨的十八大以來,以習近平同志為核心的黨中央高度重視生態文明建設,提出了一系列新理念新思想新戰略,深刻回答了什么是生態文明、為什么建設生態文明、怎樣建設生態文明的重大理論和實踐問題,形成了習近平生態文明思想,推動我國生態環境保護發生了歷史性、轉折性、全局性變化。

      生態文明建設是一場涉及生產方式、生活方式、思維方式和價值觀念的革命性全局性變革,必須深入學習和貫徹落實習近平生態文明思想,把生態文明建設融入經濟建設、政治建設、文化建設、社會建設各方面和全過程,不斷發展和完善生態文明建設的理論體系和實踐體系。


     

    開辟生態文明建設新境界

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    ? 作者:潘家華  莊貴陽  黃承梁

    中國社會科學院生態文明研究智庫

      黨的十八大以來,以習近平同志為核心的黨中央從建設生態文明是中華民族永續發展千年大計、根本大計的歷史高度出發,著眼新時代我國社會主要矛盾變化,把握我國經濟發展由高速增長階段轉向高質量發展階段的基本特征,堅持人與自然和諧共生,堅決打好污染防治攻堅戰,開展了一系列根本性、開創性、長遠性工作,揭示了大力推進生態文明建設的時代依據。

      JIANSHESHENGTAIWENMINGSHIZHONGHUAMINZUYONGXUFAZHANDEQIANNIANDAJI、GENBENDAJI。XIJINPINGTONGZHIZAIDANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONGZHICHU,JIANSHESHENGTAIWENMINGSHIZHONGHUAMINZUYONGXUFAZHANDEQIANNIANDAJI;ZAIQUANGUOSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUDAHUISHANGZHICHU,SHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHESHIGUANXIZHONGHUAMINZUYONGXUFAZHANDEGENBENDAJI。ZHEXIEZHONGYAOLUNDUANCHONGFENBIAOMINGYIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGCONGLISHIWEIDUHEZHANLVEGAODUJIAKUAISHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEDEJIANDINGXINNIANHEJIANQIANGJUEXIN。RENYUZIRANSHISHENGMINGGONGTONGTI,RENLEIDUIDAZIRANDESHANGHAIZUIZHONGHUISHANGJIRENLEIZISHEN,ZHESHIWUFAKANGJUDEGUILV。ZHONGHUAMINZUYAOSHIXIANYONGXUFAZHANHEWEIDAFUXING,BIXUZUNZHONGZIRAN、SHUNYINGZIRAN、BAOHUZIRAN,RENSHIHEBAWOSHENGTAIXINGZEWENMINGXING、SHENGTAISHUAIZEWENMINGSHUAIDEWENMINGFAZHANGUILV,BUDUANHANGSHIZHONGHUAMINZUYONGXUFAZHANHEWEIDAFUXINGDESHENGTAIHUANJINGJISHI。

      XINSHIDAISHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUNBIANHUAYAOQIUGENGHAOMANZURENMINRIYIZENGCHANGDEYOUMEISHENGTAIHUANJINGXUYAO。DANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOTICHU,ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJINRUXINSHIDAI,WOGUOSHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUNYIJINGZHUANHUAWEIRENMINRIYIZENGCHANGDEMEIHAOSHENGHUOXUYAOHEBUPINGHENGBUCHONGFENDEFAZHANZHIJIANDEMAODUN。RENMINRIYIZENGCHANGDEYOUMEISHENGTAIHUANJINGXUYAOSHIRENMINMEIHAOSHENGHUOXUYAODEZHUYAONEIRONG,DANMUQIANWOGUODEYOUZHISHENGTAICHANPINGONGGEIHUANCUNZAIMINGXIANBUZU,WUFAMANZURENMINXUYAO。SHUNYINGXINSHIDAISHEHUIZHUYAOMAODUNBIANHUA,JIYAOCHUANGZAOGENGDUOWUZHICAIFUHEJINGSHENCAIFUYIMANZURENMINRIYIZENGCHANGDEMEIHAOSHENGHUOXUYAO,YEYAOTIGONGGENGDUOYOUZHISHENGTAICHANPINYIMANZURENMINRIYIZENGCHANGDEYOUMEISHENGTAIHUANJINGXUYAO。WEICI,YAOYIGAISHANSHENGTAIHUANJINGZHILIANGWEIHEXIN,BAJIEJUETUCHUSHENGTAIHUANJINGWENTIZUOWEIMINSHENGYOUXIANLINGYU,JIANJUEDAYINGLANTIANBAOWEIZHAN,SHENRUSHISHISHUIWURANFANGZHIXINGDONGJIHUA,QUANMIANLUOSHITURANGWURANFANGZHIXINGDONGJIHUA,JIAKUAIBUQISHENGTAIHUANJINGDUANBAN,BUDUANZENGQIANGRENMINQUNZHONGDESHENGTAIHUANJINGHUODEGAN、XINGFUGAN、ANQUANGAN。

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    中國共產黨生態文明思想的歷史演進

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    ? 作者:秦書生

    東北大學

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      萌芽探索期

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    民族地區生態文明建設亟待完善法治保障

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    ? 作者:陳群峰

    中央民族大學法學院

      隨著社會的不斷發展,生態環境問題在社會民生領域愈發突出。在經濟高速發展的同時,生態環境的破壞現象愈發嚴重,特別是少數民族聚居地區和邊遠地區,這種現象更為明顯。而生態環境問題的解決、生態文明社會的創建,在根本上要貫徹依法治國,建設法治保障機制是大前提。就民族地區來說,其經濟發展方式主要還是以粗放增長為主,重開發輕保護、重建設輕管護的思維定勢仍普遍存在,生態環境形勢不容樂觀。要轉變這一形勢,推進生態文明建設進程,離不開法律的保駕護航。

      一、民族地區初步形成生態文明建設的法治保障機制
     
      (一)民族地區的生態環境立法
     
      近年來,國家和各地區都出臺了一系列關于生態環境保護的政策、法律、行政法規和規章來保護和改善生態環境,形成了從中央到地方、從憲法到地方條例的相對完整的生態法律制度體系。其中,我國民族自治地方也紛紛制定頒布了生態環境保護方面的法規,涵蓋了關于污染防治,森林、土地、水、礦產等各種自然資源以及各個自然保護區的保護等方面的內容。例如寧夏、內蒙古、新疆、廣西等自治區都頒布了地區性的環境保護條例。這些地方性法規和規范性文件的制定,為民族地區的生態文明法治保障機制的建設提供了法律和制度方面的依據。

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    生態設計助力生態文明建設

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    ? 作者:景云祥

      “LVSHUIQINGSHAN”BIANCHENG“JINSHANYINSHAN”XUYAOSHENGTAISHEJI。SHENGTAISHEJISHOUXIANSHISHENGTAIKONGJIANSHEJI,YAOCHUANGXINGONGJUYOUHUAKONGJIANGONGNENG;SHENGTAISHEJIGUANJIANSHISHENGTAICHANYESHEJI,XUYAOYOUCHANPINSHEJIDAOCHANYEBUJUZAIDAOBIAOZHUNSHEJI,DATONGTONGDAOCUJINSHENGTAIJINGJIFANRONG;SHENGTAISHEJIYIRENWEIZHONGXIN,ZUIZHONGYAOYIRENWEIZHONGXINGOUJIANMEIHAOJIAYUAN。

      生態空間設計:創新工具優化空間功能

      SHENGTAISHEJIZUOWEIYIZHONGCHUANGZUOYUCHUANGYIHUODONG,SHIGUANZHUCHIXUFAZHAN、ZHUZHONGLVSEZHUANXING、XIANXIANSHENGTAIXIAOYIDEHUODONG。SHENGTAISHEJIBIXUJIYUZHUTIGONGNENGQUKONGJIANQUFENJINXING:ZAIZHONGDIANSHENGTAIGONGNENGQU,CUJINTIAN、HE、HU、LIN、SHIDIXITONG,CUJINXITONGBAOZHENGSHENGTAIXITONGZIWODIAOJIETIXIFAHUIZUOYONG。ZAIXIANZHIKAIFAQUYU,SHENGTAISHEJIZHONGZUOHAOYONGDIGUANKONG、CHANYEGUANKONG、JIAOTONGGUANKONG、HUANBAOGUANKONG。YONGDIGUANKONGJIAQIANGDUIJIANSHEXIANGMUXUANZHIDEYINDAO;CHANYEGUANKONGYANJINSHENGTAIHONGXIANNEIYOUSUNZHUDAOSHENGTAIGONGNENGDECHANYEHUODONG;JIAOTONGGUANKONGZHUZHONGSHUILUSHENGTAILANGDAOJIANSHEZHONGGEZHONGWURANYUANDUISHENGTAIDEPOHUAI;HUANJINGGUANKONGZHUZHONGJIANYANENGHAOGAO、WURANDADEXIANGMU。ZAIYOUHUAKAIFAQUYU,YASUOCUFANGFAZHANFANGSHI、JIANSHEFANGSHIKONGJIAN,WEIXINJINGJI、XINYETAITENGCHUKONGJIAN、DIPAN。ZAIZHONGDIANKAIFAQU,YAODALICUJINYUSHENGTAIBAOHURONGHEDUGAODECHANYE,HELIKUODASHENGTAIBAOHUFANWEI,BAOZHENGSHENGTAIGUOTUMIANJIZHIZENGBUJIAN,GONGYEFAZHANYAOZHUZHONGSHENGTAIJISHUTUIGUANG、ZHUZHONGSHENGTAIHUANJINGYOUHUA。

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    改革開放以來我國生態文明建設

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    ? 作者:喬清舉

      改革開放以來,黨和政府始終注重生態文明建設,在中國特色社會主義現代化進程中形成了總體較低環境代價的現代化模式。

      改革開放初期到黨的十八大之前生態文明建設實踐

      改革開放以來,我國環境保護意識日益清晰。1978年,黨的十一屆三中全會開始規劃制定森林法、草原法、環境保護法等法律。1979年2月,我國將每年3月12日確定為植樹節,同年開始營造三北防護林。1983年12月,第二次全國環境保護會議召開,確立環境保護為我國必須長期堅持的一項基本國策。

      1992NIANKAISHI,WOGUOSHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEJINRUKECHIXUFAZHANJIEDUAN。CONGHUANJINGBAOHUDAOKECHIXUFAZHAN,DANGHEGUOJIADUISHENGTAIWENMINGDERENSHIHEJIANSHESHIJIANYOULEZHONGYAOTUIJIN。1994NIAN3YUE,WOGUOFABU《ZHONGGUO21SHIJIYICHENG》,ZUOWEIZHIDINGGUOMINJINGJIHESHEHUIFAZHANZHONGCHANGQIJIHUADEZHIDAOXINGWENJIAN。1996NIAN7YUE,DISICIQUANGUOHUANJINGBAOHUHUIYIZHAOKAI,TICHUBAOHUHUANJINGDESHIZHIJIUSHIBAOHUSHENGCHANLI。1997NIAN9YUE,DANGDESHIWUDABAOGAOQIANGDIAO,ZAIXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEZHONGBIXUSHISHIKECHIXUFAZHANZHANLVE。2000NIAN11YUE,GUOWUYUANYINFALE《QUANGUOSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUGANGYAO》,QIANGDIAO“TONGGUOSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHU,EZHISHENGTAIHUANJINGPOHUAI,JIANQINGZIRANZAIHAIDEWEIHAI;CUJINZIRANZIYUANDEHELI、KEXUELIYONG,SHIXIANZIRANSHENGTAIXITONGLIANGXINGXUNHUAN;WEIHUGUOJIASHENGTAIHUANJINGANQUAN,QUEBAOGUOMINJINGJIHESHEHUIDEKECHIXUFAZHAN”。

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    綠色發展開啟生態文明新道路

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    ? 作者:鄭士鵬

    北京交通大學馬克思主義學院

      DANGQIAN,RENLEISHEHUIZHENGCHUYUCONGGONGYEWENMINGXIANGSHENGTAIWENMINGZHUANXINGDEZHONGYAOJIEDUAN,SUIZHURENMENDUIRENYUZIRANGUANXIDERENSHIZHUBUJIASHEN,LVSEFAZHANYEYICHENGWEIQUANQIUFAZHANDEGONGSHI。2018NIAN6YUE24RI,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANGONGBUDE《GUANYUQUANMIANJIAQIANGSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUJIANJUEDAHAOWURANFANGZHIGONGJIANZHANDEYIJIAN》TICHU:“BIXUJIANCHIHEGUANCHELVSEFAZHANLINIAN,PINGHENGHECHULIHAOFAZHANYUBAOHUDEGUANXI,TUIDONGXINGCHENGLVSEFAZHANFANGSHIHESHENGHUOFANGSHI,JIANDINGBUYIZOUSHENGCHANFAZHAN、SHENGHUOFUYU、SHENGTAILIANGHAODEWENMINGFAZHANDAOLU。”YINCI,JIXUDAHAOWURANFANGZHIDEGONGJIANZHANCHENGWEIWOGUOSHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEDEHEXINRENWU。

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    踐行習近平生態文明思想 扎實推進美麗新寧夏建設

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    ? 作者:馮雪紅

    北方民族大學

      XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIYIZHISHIFENGUANZHUNINGXIADESHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHE。2016NIAN8YUE,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAISHICHANINGXIASHIZHICHU,“NINGXIAZUOWEIXIBEIDIQUZHONGYAODESHENGTAIANQUANPINGZHANG,CHENGDANZHUWEIHUXIBEINAIZHIQUANGUOSHENGTAIANQUANDEZHONGYAOSHIMING”,TAMINGQUETICHUYAOJIANSHETIANLAN、DILV、SHUIMEIDEMEILININGXIA。2018NIAN9YUE19RI,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIWEIQINGZHUNINGXIAHUIZUZIZHIQUCHENGLI60ZHOUNIANXINRANTICI“JIANSHEMEILIXINNINGXIA GONGYUANWEIDAZHONGGUOMENG”,SHENKEZHAOSHILE“MEILININGXIA”JIANSHEDUIYUQUANMIANJIANCHENGXIAOKANGSHEHUI,SHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGZHONGGUOMENGDEZHONGYAODIWEI。“MEILININGXIA”SHI“SIGENINGXIA”JIANSHEDEMUBIAOZHIYI,SHININGXIAZHUYANYUSHIXIANJINGJISHEHUIYONGXUFAZHANDEZHONGDAZHANLVEJUECE。JIANSHEMEILIXINNINGXIADEZHONGZHONGZHIZHONGSHIJIANSHELIANGHAODESHENGTAIWENMING,ZHEJISHIJIANSHEMEILIXINNINGXIADEJICHUTIAOJIANHEZHONGYAOBAOZHANG,YESHITONGWANGMEILIXINNINGXIAJIANSHEDEBIYOUZHILU。

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    庫布其治沙模式:習近平生態文明思想的生動體現

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    ? 作者:韓慶祥 黃相懷

    中央黨校習近平新時代中國特色社會主義思想研究中心


      黨的十八大以來,以習近平同志為核心的黨中央把生態文明建設作為統籌推進“五位一體”總體布局和協調推進“四個全面”戰略布局的重要內容,謀劃開展了一系列根本性、長遠性、開創性工作,推動生態文明建設和生態環境保護從實踐到認識發生了歷史性、轉折性、全局性變化。在習近平生態文明思想指引下,全黨全國貫徹綠色發展理念的自覺性和主動性顯著增強,美麗中國建設邁出重要步伐。正是在這樣的時代背景下,經過長期努力特別是近5年來的創新發展,庫布其治沙模式書寫了防沙治沙的綠色傳奇。

      KUBUQISHAMOZHILIJIANCHIRENYUZIRANHEXIEGONGSHENG,SHIXIANLESHAQUQUNZHONGSHENGCUN、SHENGCHAN、SHENGHUODEGENBENXINGZHUANBIAN;JIANCHILVSHUIQINGSHANJIUSHIJINSHANYINSHAN,GOUJIANQIYISHENGTAIWEIDISE、YIERSANCHANYERONGHEFAZHANDESHAMOLVSEJINGJIXUNHUANTIXI;JIANCHILIANGHAOSHENGTAIHUANJINGSHIZUIPUHUIDEMINSHENGFUZHI,DAIDONGQUNZHONGTUOPINZHIFUBENXIAOKANG;JIANCHISHANSHUILINTIANHUCAOSHISHENGMINGGONGTONGTI,SHIXIANLELITIHUA、XITONGHUAZHISHA;JIANCHIYONGZUIYANGEZHIDUZUIYANMIFAZHIBAOHUSHENGTAIHUANJING,BAOHULAIZHIBUYIDESHAMOSHENGTAIZHILICHENGGUO;JIANCHIJIANSHEMEILIZHONGGUOQUANMINXINGDONG,SHIXIANLEDUOYUANHUAGONGTONGZHILISHAMO;JIANCHIGONGMOUQUANQIUSHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHE,YUSHIJIEGONGTONGFENXIANGSHAMOZHILIDEJINGYAN。

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    改革開放四十年生態文明建設的歷程與經驗

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    ? 作者:王艷杰 孫要良

    中共中央黨校(國家行政學院)

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      改革開放四十年來

      我國生態文明建設的歷程

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      QIBU:HUANJINGBAOHUCHENGWEIJIBENGUOCE。1983NIANDANGHEZHENGFUJIANGHUANJINGBAOHUQUEDINGWEIJIBENGUOCEBIAOZHIZHUSHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEKAISHIQIBU。BULUNSHI1979NIANGUIMOKONGQIANDE“SANBEI”FANGHULINGONGCHENG,HUANSHI1981NIANRENDASICIHUIYISHANGTONGGUODE《GUANYUKAIZHANQUANMINYIWUZHISHUYUNDONGDEJUEYI》,DOUYUSHIZHUSHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEKAISHIJINRUDIYIDAILINGDAOJITIDEZHILISHIYE。ER《HUANJINGBAOHUFA》《SENLINFA》《CAOYUANFA》《DAQIWURANFANGZHIFA》DENGFALVDEBANBUSHISHIBIAOMINGSHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEKAISHIMAIXIANGFAZHIHUADAOLU。

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    樹立尊重、順應和保護自然的生態文明理念

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      ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGDANGXIAOZHEXUEJIAOYANBUJIAOSHOUZHAOJIANJUNRIQIANZAI《ZHONGGUODANGZHENGGANBULUNTAN》ZAZHIFABIAODEWENZHANG《ZAIQUANSHEHUILAOGUSHULISHENGTAIWENMINGLINIAN》ZHONGZHICHU,SHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHELINIANSHIYUNHANFENGFUWENHUA、DAODE、YISHIHEJIAZHIDENGNEIRONGDEGUANNIANTIXI,TAJUYOUMINGXIANDEJICHUXING、QIANTIXING、YINDAOXINGHEYUESHUXINGDENGTEZHENG,SHIJIANSHESHENGTAIWENMINGSHIJIANDESIXIANGZHIDAO。

      WENZHANGTICHU,ZIRANSHIYIQIESHENGWUDEYAOLAN,YESHIRENLEILAIYISHENGCUNHEFAZHANDEJIBENTIAOJIAN。ZUNZHONGZIRANSHIFUHESHENGTAIWENMINGDEYIZHONGDAODETAIDU,SHIYIZHONGJIBENDELUNLIYUANZE,XUZAIRICHANGSHENGHUODESHIJIANZHONGTONGGUOYIXILIEXIANGYINGDEGUIFANHEZHUNZEBIAOXIANCHULAI;SHUNYINGZIRANTIXIANLEZIRANDEDIWEIHENEIZAIJIAZHI;ERRENLEIZAILIYONGZIRANQIUDESHENGCUNHEFAZHANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,RUGUOMEIYOUBAOHUZIRANDESIXIANG,NEIMERENYUZIRANDEMAODUNJIANGWUFADEDAOZHENZHENGJIEJUE,RENYUZIRANHEXIEGONGSHENGYEJIANGLIUYUKONGXIANG。ZUNZHONG、SHUNYINGHEBAOHUZIRANSHISHENGTAIWENMINGLINIANZHONGBUKEFENGEDESANZHONGTAIDU。

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