九州棋牌

優孟的《廉吏歌》
來源:《光明日報》 趙逵夫 發布日期:2020-01-12瀏覽()人次 投稿收藏

明楊慎著《古今諺》 資料圖片

  TANDAOXIANQINYISHI,BUSHAORENDOUHUITIDAOJIANYU《SHIJI·HUAJILIECHUAN》ZHONGCHUZHUANGWANGSHIYOUMENGSUOCHANGDEYISHOUGE,HOUZHIZAILUZHEJUNTIZUO“YOUMENGGE”。QIGECIRUXIA:

  SHANJUGENGTIANKU,NANYIDESHI。QIERWEILI,SHENTANBIZHEYUCAI,BUGUCHIRU。SHENSIJIASHIFU,YOUKONGSHOUQIUWANGFA,WEIJIANCHUDAZUI,SHENSIERJIAMIE。TANLIANKEWEIYE!NIANWEILIANLI,FENGFASHOUZHI,JINGSIBUGANWEIFEI。LIANLIANKEWEIYE!

  明楊慎《風雅逸篇》卷六收錄之,按云:

九州棋牌  CIWUYINYUNZHANGJU,ERSHIYIWEIGEZHE,BUKEXIAO。QIDANGSHIYINKUOZHUANHUAN,JIESHENGYICHENGZHIYU?SHIBUNENGSHUQIYIN,DANJIANQIYIYE。

九州棋牌  YANGSHENSUOSHUOKONGPASHIMINGDAIYILAIXUEZHEMENDEPUBIANKANFA。MINGDAICHENDIDE《MAOSHIGUYINKAO》WENSHIYIQIAN,WENRENMEIYOUXIANQINGUYUNDEGAINIAN;SHIGEDEJIEGOUZHANGFASHANG,PUBIANDEWUQIYANJUSHIHEWENDINGDEOUJUYUNGESHIYESHIDAOHANWEISHIDAICAIXINGCHENGDE。SHOUXIAN,ZHESHOUGEJIU《SHIJI》ZHONGSUOCUNZHEGEWENBENERYAN,YEBUSHIWANQUANWUYUN,QIZHONG“SHI”“FU”“ZHI”SHUZHIBU,“LI”“CAI”SHUZHIBU,SHIZHIZHITONGYA。ZHISHIER、SAN、SIJUSHIJUJUYUN,HOUMIANLIANGXIAODUANMOWEIDOUBURUYUN,JIEJINMOWEICHUYOUYOULIANGJULIANYUN。

  QICI,YANGSHENHUANSHUODAOWU“ZHANGJU”DEWENTI,YISISHIJUSHI、DUANLUOBUQIZHENG,XIANDEJUZIHUNLUAN。TATUICEKENENGSHIDANGSHI“YINKUOZHUANHUAN,JIESHENGYICHENGZHI”DEYUANGU。SUOWEI“YINKUOZHUANHUAN”,ZHILIUCHUANZHONGJIANGQIYUANYIBAOLIULEXIALAI,DANYUJUFASHENGLEBIANHUA;SUOWEI“JIESHENGYICHENGZHI”,ZHILIUCHUANZHONGDATIBAOLIUQIYIN,ERCIYUFASHENGLEBIANHUA。ZHELIANGZHONGQINGXINGDOUSHIMINJIANCHUANBOZHONGCHANGYOUDEXIANXIANG。BENSHIZHONGQUESHIYOUYISHANGQINGKUANG。BIRU:JUYANGSHENSUOLUYUANWEN,DISIJU“TAN”ZIQIANWU“SHEN”ZI,WU“SHEN”ZIBUJINJIANJIE,ERQIEJUZIGENGJUJIEZOUGAN。LINGWAI,QIQIANYIBUFENMOWEIDE“TANLIANKEWEIYE”HEHOUYIBUFENMOWEIDE“LIANLIANKEWEIYE”ERJURUTONGGECHANGZHONGDESHUOBAI,SHIBUYAYUNDE。SUOYISHUO,ZHESHOUSHIBUNENGSHUOQUANWUZHANGFA,ZHISHILIUCHUANZHONGXINGCHENGLEYIXIECUANLUAN。

九州棋牌  SHUODAOWENZICUANLUAN,QIZHONGHUANYOUJICHU:DIWUJU“BUGUCHIRU”,SHIZHEYICENGYISIDEMOJU,YINGYAYUN,DAN“RU”ZIBURUYUN。WOYIWEI“CHIRU”BENZUO“XINGCHI”。《ZHOULI·QIUGUAN·SIKOU》:“FANHAIRENZHE,ZHIZHIYUANTUERSHIZHISHIYAN,YIMINGXINGCHIZHI。”ZHENGXUANZHU:“HAIREN,WEIWEIGUOSHILI(LI)YUFAZHE。YIQIBUGUFANFA,ZHIZHIYUANTUXIJIAOZHI,SHUQIKUNHUIERNENGGAIYE……MINGXING,SHUQIZUIEYUDAFANGBAN,ZHUQIBEI。”ZE“XINGCHI”SHIQINGXINGZHIYIZHONG。SHANGGUZHISHIDUIGUANHUANKESHIYIXING,BUKEJIAZHIYIRU(ZAICIZHIQIANSHI“XINGBUSHANGDAFU”)。RUWEIHUANERQINGXINGYIBUGU,ZEBIZHISHENSI。“CHI”SHUZHIBU,YU“LI”“CAI”WEIYUN。DIJIUJU“SHENSIERJIAMIE”,BENYINGWEI“JIAMIEERSHENSI”,YIN“SHENSIJIASHIFU”YIJUERWUDAO。YINWEI“ER”ZILIANGBIANDECIZUJIEGOUYIYANG,YISIXIANGLEI,QIANHOUSHUNXUYIBEIDIANDAO。“SI”SHUZHIBU,QIQIANMIANDE“ZUI”、HOUMIANDE“FEI”JUNSHUWEIBU,ZHIWEIHEYUN。

九州棋牌  GEDEJIEWEIBUFENYEYOUWENTI。《LISHI》ZHONGZAIYOU《SUNSHUAOBEI》,CHENGYUDONGHANHUANDIYANXISANNIAN(160),QIZHONGSUOLUGECI,YU《SHIJI》DUOBUXIANGTONGERYIXIANGJIN。YOUDESHUTIZHIWEI“KANGKAIGE”,TONGQIANYISHOUBINGLIESHOURU,SHIQIANTUODE。YINWEICONGBEIWENDEXUSHUKAN,HENQINGCHU,TASHI《SHIJI》SUOZAIZHESHOUGEDELINGYICHUANBEN。LIUCHUANZHONGXINGCHENGDEYIBEN。QIZHONGYANLIANLIYIDUANWEI:

  LIANLIERKEWEIZHE,DANGSHIYOUQINGMING;ERBUKEWEIZHE,ZISUNQIONGKUN,BEIHEERMAIXIN。

九州棋牌  WOYIWEI《SHIJI》SUOZAI,ZHENGSHIZAI“JINGSIBUGANWEIFEI”ZHIXIAQUE“DANGSHIYOUQINGMING”HE“ZISUNKUNQIONG,BEIHEERMAIXIN”LIANGJUZHIYI。《SHIJI》SUOZAIZAISHANGMIANSUOLUGECIZHIXIABENHUANYOUYIDUANWENZI:“CHUXIANGSUNSHUAOCHILIANZHISI,FANGJINQIZIQIONGKUNFUXINERSHI,BUZUWEIYE。”YINWEIMINGZHISUNSHUAOQIZIJINGKUANG,XUEZHEMENDUOBUKANZUOGECIZUCHENGBUFEN,ERKANZUOSHIYOUMENGGEWANZHIHOULIANXISUNSHUAOJIAJINGDESHUSHUOYUJU。《FENGYAYIPIAN》、FENGWEINE《GUSHIJI》、LUQINLI《QUANXIANQINHANWEIJINNANBEICHAOSHI》ZHONGDOUWEILUZHESANJU。QISHIZHEJIJUYUSHANGYAN《KANGKAIGE》MOWEIBUFENDE“DANGSHIYOUQINGMING”“ZISUNQIONGKUN,BEIHEERMAIXIN”JUYIXIANGJIN,YINGSHIYUANCIDEZUCHENGBUFEN,YINGCAN《KANGKAIGE》SHANQULIUCHUANZHONGSUOJIA“SUNSHUAO”DENGCIYU,ZUOWEIYUANGECILURU。ZHISHITONGQIANMIANWENZIYIYANG,YEYOUCUANLUAN:“QIZIPINKUN”YIJU,YINGWEI“PINKUNQIZI”,NAILIUCHUANZHONGXINGCHENGDECIXUDIANDAO。“ZI”SHUZHIBU,YUQIANMIANDE“LI”“CAI”“CHI”ZHENGTONGYUN。

  后鐘惺、譚元春編選《詩歸》,該詩收入卷二,鐘惺評云:

九州棋牌  CIGECHUYIQIWUYINYUN,GUYUSHEZHI。RANQIXINGQINGJIEZOU,WUFEIGEZHE,ZEYIGEZHIYE。SHIBUBIYUN,SUIBUKEWEIFA,RANYIJIANYOUZHI。《LUJIANGXIAOLIQI》,HANWUYANGUYE,HECHANGJUYUN?YAOYUDANJU,HECHUANYUN?YIRUSHILEI,GUQIXINGQINGJIEZOUHEBUHEER。GUSHIYOUWUYUNERKEYIWEISHIZHE,CILEISHIYE。

九州棋牌  ZHONGXINGSHIMINGMOYIWENZHANGPINGDIANERMINGYUSHIDE,WANGWANGYIQI、CHENG、ZHUAN、HE、DIANTI、ZHAOYING、FUBIZHILEISUIJIERSHUO,DUIWENXUELILUNHEWENZHANGXUEBINGWUSHENRUDETANTAO;DUIYUGUYINYUNZHILEI,GENGSHIYIQIAOBUTONG。TASUOSHUODEKAITOUJIJU,XIANRANSHISHOULEYANGSHENDEYINGXIANG。HOUMIANSUOSHUOJIJU,DUOYOUBUQUE。SHANGGUZHISHIYAYUN,YOUMIYUN,YOUSHUYUN,YOUBAOYUN,YOUJIAOYUN。WUYUNZHEJISHAO,QIEZHIJIANYUYOULEQIBANZOUDEJISIGEWUCIZHONG。YINWEIZHELEIGECIZHUYAOZAIYUNEIRONGDEBIAODA,QIEYOUWUDAOHEDUOZHONGLEQIBANZOU,GECIBENSHENDEYINLEXINGBIANBIANDEBUTAIZHONGYAO,CAIXINGCHENGLEDUIYAYUNDEHUSHI。《SHIJING·ZHOUSONG》ZHONGYOUDEZUOPINJISHUCILEI,QITASHIGEDOUSHIYOUYUNDE。

九州棋牌  ZHESHOUGEGUJINXUEZHEDOUTIZUO“YOUMENGGE”,BUSHIHENQIADANG。YINWEI“YOUMENG”ZHIBIAOMINGLEZUOZHE,BINGMEIYOUFANYINGCHUTADEZHUTIHUONEIRONG。WOYIWEIYINGZUO“LIANLIGE”。SHIDEQIANBANBUFENSHUOTANLI,SHIWEILEYULIANZUOBIJIAOERSHEDE,ZHUYAOZAIYUSHUOMINGZUOWEIYIGEYOUJUDAGONGXIANDELIANLIYINGGAISHOUDAOZUNZHONG,ZHUSHIZHEDUIQISHENHOUYINGYOUSUOGUANXIN。

  ZHESHOU《LIANLIGE》JINGSHANGMIANDEXIAOBU,QUANSHIRUXIA(YUNJIAOZIFANZHIZHIHEYUNZHIZIXIABIAO“.”,ZHIWEIHEYUNZHIZIXIABIAO“△”):

  SHANJUGENGTIANKU,NANYIDESHI。

  QIERWEILI。

  TANBIZHEWEICAI,BUGUXINGCHI,

  SHENSIJIASHIFU。

  YOUKONGSHOUQIUWANGFA,WEIJIANCHUDAZUI,

  JIAMIEERSHENSI。

  (TANLIANKEWEIYE!)

九州棋牌  NIANWEILIANLI,FENGFASHOUZHI,

  CHILIANZHISI。

九州棋牌  LIANJIEBUSHOUQIAN,QIONGKUNQIZI,

  FUXINERSHI。

  (LIANLIANKEWEIYE!)

  SHIGONGSANZHANG。DIYIZHANGSHIYINZI,DIERZHANGYANTANLIZHILIYUZHONGBUKEWEI,DISANZHANGYANLIANLIZHIKEWEIYUSHENHOUZHIQIONGKUN。ER、SANZHANGMOWEIDE“TANLIANKEWEIYE”“LIANLIANKEWEIYE”LIANGJUSHIZAIGECIZHANGJUZHIWAIDEQIANGDIAOXINGBIAOSHU,KEYIBUYAYUN,《SHIJING·ZHOUSONG》ZHONG《LIEWEN》《TIANZUO》《WOJIANG》《SIWEN》《FANGLUO》《ZAISHAN》《LIANGSI》ZHEQISHOUJIEQUANSHIZHUTIBUFENYAYUN,ERMOYIJUHUOLIANGSANJUBUYAYUN,KEJIANSHANGGUYONGYUGECHANGDESHIGEYOUCILI。ZHEJIURUTONGXIANZAIGECHANGZHONGZAIYIDUANZHIHOUHUOGECHANGJIESHUHOUJIAYILIANGJUSHUOBAIYIYANG。CHUQUZHEERJU,QUANSHIYAYUN,ERQIEZHANGJUMINGLE,ZHUTIYESHIHENTUCHUDE。

  ZHELIHUANYAOTEBIESHUOMINGYIXIA:CHUDIFANGYANYOUQITESHUDEDIFANG,BUDANTONG《SHIJING》DEYUNBUYOUJULI,TONGSHUDUBEIFANGDIANJI、DUOCICHUSHIQINQIDENGGUODEQUYUANSUOCHUANGZUODE《LISAO》DENGZUOPINJIYOUQUYUANZAICHUGEWUCIJICHUSHANGXIEDE《JIUGE》YONGYUNSHANGYEYOUJULI。《LIANLIGE》DIYIJU“SHANJUGENGTIANKU”DE“KU”ZIYUXIANQINGUYUNSHUYUBU,《SHIJING》ZHONGYOUZHIYUHEYUNZHILI。ZHEYANGKANLAI,GAISHISANZHANG,DIYIZHANGSANJU,JUJUYUN。DIERZHANG、DISANZHANGGEYOULIANGJIE,DIYIJIEJUNWEISANJU,TONGDIYIZHANG,JUJUYUN;DIERJIESANJU,JUNWEISHOUJUBURUYUN,ER、SANJULIANYUN。SHIFENZHENGQI。

九州棋牌  CIWAIHUANYOUYIDIANYEYINGJIAYISHUOMING:BENSHISUOYONG“ZHIZHI”HE“ZHIWEI”ZHELIANGZUYUNYEYOUXIANGJINDEYINSU。XIHANSHIYUNWENZHONGZHIZHIHEYUNZHEJIYOUSHILI,SUOYIYOUKENENGZAIDANGSHIDECHUFANGYANZHONGZHEXIEYUNJIAOZIDOUKEYITONGYA。YEJIUSHISHUO,YOUKENENGZAIDANGSHIDECHUFANGYANZHONGZHESHOUGESHIYIYUNDAODIDE。DANGRANZHEZHISHIWODETUICE。ZHESIYUNSHIFOUTONGYATONGSHOUJUDE“KU”ZIRUYUNBURUYUNYIYANG,BUYINGXIANGDUIZHESHOUGEYAYUNDEPINGJIA。

九州棋牌  GUANYUYOUMENGDESHENFEN,《SHIJI》ZHONGSHUO:“YOUMENGZHE,GUCHUZHILERENYE。CHANGBACHI,DUOBIAN,CHANGYITANXIAOFENGJIAN。”JIEZHUJIANGCHUZHUANGWANGAIMASIHOU,YAOYIDAFULIZANGZHI,YOUMENGZHENGHUAFANSHUO,QUYANYIJIAN。YOUSHUOYINSUNSHUAOZHIZIQIONGKUNFUXINWEISHENG,TAYESHEFAQUYANYIJIANDESHI。YOUQISHIDIERJIANSHI,“JIWEISUNSHUAOYIGUAN,DIZHANGTANYU。SUIYU,XIANGSUNSHUAO,CHUWANGJIZUOYOUBUNENGBIEYE”。TAXIAGONGFUXUEXISUNSHUAODEYANTANJUZHI、SHUOHUASHENTAI,ZHETONGHOUDAIDIANYINGYANYUAN、HUAJUYANYUANYAOYANYIWEIRENMENSHUXIDERENWUERBUDUANZOUFANGSHURENLEJIEQINGKUANG、CHANGJIUXUEXIQIYANTANJUZHIDEQINGXINGSHIYIYANGDE,SHANGGUSHIYOUDEZHIZEJIUSHIBIAOYANSHUOXIAOGONGRENZHUQULE。SUOYI,WOMENSHUOYOUMENGSHICHUNQIUSHIDAIYIWEIJIECHUDEYANYUAN,BINGBUCUO。《YANZICHUNQIU·NEIPIAN·WENXIA》:“JINJUNZUOWEICHANG,YOUWEIYOU。”CHANGZHUGECHANG,YOUZHUXINVEBIAOYAN。《GUOYU·JINYUER》:“YOUSHIYUE:‘……WO,YOUYE,YANWUYOU。’”(“YOU”TONG“YOU”,GUOSHI)YINSHIBIAOYANXINVE,GUJISHISHUODEBUDUIYEBUHUIZHUIJIUQIGUOCUO。SONGDAIYIHOUCHENGXIJUYANYUANWEI“YOU”,YEZHENGFANYINGLEZHEYIDIAN。

  (作者系西北師范大學文學院教授)

(編輯:閆若之

[字號: ]


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